The Integration of Emotion and Reason in Caregiver Pain Assessment

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      Linked Article

      • Perceiving Pain in Others: Automatic and Controlled Mechanisms
        The Journal of PainVol. 11Issue 2
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          Recent developments in clinical, cognitive, and behavioral sciences as well as in social neuroscience can provide new perspectives on our understanding of different forms of pain expression and the social reactions of observers to various types of pain expression. Studies indicate that pain expression is governed by both automatic (unintentional, reflexive) and controlled (intentional, purposive) neuroregulatory systems. Reciprocal mechanisms in observers responsible for automatic (unintentional, reflexive) and controlled (intentional, reflective) reactions also are important.
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