Initial Psychometric Properties of the Pain Care Quality Survey (PainCQ)


      This study examined the psychometric properties of the Pain Care Quality (PainCQ) survey, a new instrument to measure the quality of nursing and interdisciplinary care related to pain management. Hospitalized medical/surgical oncology patients with pain from 3 states completed the 44-item version of the PainCQ survey following completion of a nursing shift. Interdisciplinary items were evaluated over the entire hospital stay; nursing care was evaluated during the previous shift. The sample included 109 patients ranging in age from 20 to 84 (mean = 53.09). The sample was 58.7% female, 88% non-Hispanic white. Principal Axis Factoring with an oblimin rotation was used as factors were correlated. Two scales resulted. The PainCQ-Interdisciplinary scale included 11 items representing 2 constructs and explaining 47.1% of shared item variance: partnership with the health care team (k = 6 items; α = .85) and comprehensive interdisciplinary pain care (k = 5 items; α = .76). The PainCQ-Nursing scale measured three constructs and explained 60.8 % of shared item variance: being treated right (k = 15 items; α = .95), comprehensive nursing pain care (k = 3 items; α = .77), and efficacy of pain management (k =4 items; α = .87). Results supported the internal consistency reliability and structural validity of the PainCQ survey with 33 items.


      This article presents the psychometric properties of a new tool to measure interdisciplinary and nursing care quality related to pain management from the patient's perspective. This tool can be used for research and as a clinical performance measure to monitor and improve quality of care and patient outcomes.

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