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Role of Sigma-1 Receptors in Paclitaxel-Induced Neuropathic Pain in Mice

  • Francisco Rafael Nieto
    Affiliations
    Department of Pharmacology and Institute of Neuroscience, Faculty of Medicine, University of Granada, Granada, Spain

    Biomedical Research Center, University of Granada, Granada, Spain
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  • Cruz Miguel Cendán
    Correspondence
    Address reprint requests to José Manuel Baeyens or Cruz Miguel Cendán, Department of Pharmacology and Institute of Neuroscience, Faculty of Medicine, University of Granada, Avenida de Madrid 11, E-18012 Granada, Spain.
    Affiliations
    Department of Pharmacology and Institute of Neuroscience, Faculty of Medicine, University of Granada, Granada, Spain

    Biomedical Research Center, University of Granada, Granada, Spain
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  • Cristina Sánchez-Fernández
    Affiliations
    Department of Pharmacology and Institute of Neuroscience, Faculty of Medicine, University of Granada, Granada, Spain

    Biomedical Research Center, University of Granada, Granada, Spain
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  • Enrique José Cobos
    Affiliations
    Department of Pharmacology and Institute of Neuroscience, Faculty of Medicine, University of Granada, Granada, Spain

    Biomedical Research Center, University of Granada, Granada, Spain
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  • José Manuel Entrena
    Affiliations
    Biomedical Research Center, University of Granada, Granada, Spain
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  • Miguel Angel Tejada
    Affiliations
    Department of Pharmacology and Institute of Neuroscience, Faculty of Medicine, University of Granada, Granada, Spain

    Biomedical Research Center, University of Granada, Granada, Spain
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  • Daniel Zamanillo
    Affiliations
    Drug Discovery and Preclinical Development, Esteve, Barcelona, Spain
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  • José Miguel Vela
    Affiliations
    Drug Discovery and Preclinical Development, Esteve, Barcelona, Spain
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  • José Manuel Baeyens
    Correspondence
    Address reprint requests to José Manuel Baeyens or Cruz Miguel Cendán, Department of Pharmacology and Institute of Neuroscience, Faculty of Medicine, University of Granada, Avenida de Madrid 11, E-18012 Granada, Spain.
    Affiliations
    Department of Pharmacology and Institute of Neuroscience, Faculty of Medicine, University of Granada, Granada, Spain

    Biomedical Research Center, University of Granada, Granada, Spain
    Search for articles by this author
Published:October 15, 2012DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpain.2012.08.006

      Abstract

      Sigma-1 (σ1) receptors play a role in different types of pain and in central sensitization mechanisms; however, it is unknown whether they are involved in chemotherapy-induced neuropathic pain. We compared the ability of paclitaxel to induce cold (acetone test) and mechanical (electronic Von Frey test) allodynia in wild-type (WT) and σ1 receptor knockout (σ1-KO) mice. We also tested the effect on paclitaxel-induced painful neuropathy of BD-1063 (16–64 mg/kg, subcutaneously) and S1RA (32–128 mg/kg, subcutaneously), 2 selective σ1 receptor antagonists that bind to the σ1 receptor with high affinity and competitively. The responses to cold and mechanical stimuli were similar in WT and σ1-KO mice not treated with paclitaxel; however, treatment with paclitaxel (2 mg/kg, intraperitoneally, once per day during 5 consecutive days) produced cold and mechanical allodynia and an increase in spinal cord diphosphorylated extracellular signal-regulated kinase (pERK) in WT but not in σ1-KO mice. The administration of BD-1063 or S1RA 30 minutes before each paclitaxel dose prevented the development of cold and mechanical allodynia in WT mice. Moreover, the acute administration of both σ1 receptor antagonists dose dependently reversed both types of paclitaxel-induced allodynia after they had fully developed. These results suggest that σ1 receptors play a key role in paclitaxel-induced painful neuropathy.

      Perspective

      Antagonists of the σ1 receptor may have therapeutic value for the treatment and/or prevention of paclitaxel-induced neuropathic pain. This possibility is especially interesting in the context of chemotherapy-induced neuropathy, where the onset of nerve damage is predictable and preventive treatment could be administered.

      Key words

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