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Validation of the Short-Form McGill Pain Questionnaire-2 (SF-MPQ-2) in Acute Low Back Pain

Published:January 29, 2015DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpain.2015.01.012

      Highlights

      • The SF-MPQ-2 assesses the major symptoms of both neuropathic and nonneuropathic pain.
      • It has been used in previous studies of diverse chronic pain disorders, including clinical trials.
      • The SF-MPQ-2 was found to have excellent validity in acute low back and radicular leg pain.
      • Existing data indicate that the SF-MPQ-2 is a valid measure of neuropathic and nonneuropathic pain.

      Abstract

      The Short-form McGill Pain Questionnaire (SF-MPQ-2) assesses the major symptoms of both neuropathic and nonneuropathic pain and can be used in studies of epidemiology, natural history, pathophysiologic mechanisms, and treatment response. Previous research has demonstrated its reliability, validity, and responsiveness in diverse samples of patients with chronic pain. However, the SF-MPQ-2 has not been evaluated for use in patients with acute pain. Data were examined from a double-blind, randomized clinical trial of immediate-release tapentadol versus immediate-release oxycodone in patients with acute low back and associated radicular leg pain (N = 666). Analyses of internal consistency, convergent validity, and confirmatory factor structure were conducted using baseline data, and analyses of responsiveness were conducted using baseline and endpoint data. The SF-MPQ-2 total score and its 4 subscale scores (continuous pain, intermittent pain, predominantly neuropathic pain, and affective descriptors) generally showed good psychometric properties and 1) were internally consistent, 2) displayed good convergent validity, 3) fit the a priori factor structure, and 4) were highly responsive to analgesic treatment. These data extend previous evidence of the reliability, validity, and responsiveness of the SF-MPQ-2 in patients with chronic pain to those with acute low back and associated radicular leg pain.

      Perspective

      Considered together with the results of other recent studies, the data suggest that the SF-MPQ-2 can provide a valid, responsive, and efficient assessment of both neuropathic and nonneuropathic pain qualities for clinical trials and other clinical research examining patients with various acute and chronic pain conditions.

      Key words

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