- •Low back pain is a very common medical complaint in older adults.
- •Yoga is considered to be an effective therapy for low back pain in adults, the evidence for qigong is unclear.
- •This 3-armed trial with 176 older adults showed that yoga and qigong were not superior to no treatment in reducing pain and increasing quality of life.
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J.K. is a Viniyoga teacher trained by the Berliner Yoga Zentrum. All other authors have no conflicts of interest to declare.
This study was performed as part of the grant for the professorship for complementary medicine funded by the Karl and Veronica Carstens-Foundation. The Yoga intervention was funded by Berliner Yoga Zentrum.
Author contributions: study concept and design: C.M.W., M.T., J.K., D.D., and S.R. Organization and data management: C.M.W., M.T., J.K., and D.D. Development of intervention: C.M.W., M.T., J.K., D.D. in participation with yoga and qigong teachers. Statistical design and analysis: S.R. Interpretation and discussion of data: C.M.W., M.T., J.K., D.D., S.R., and yoga and qigong teachers. Drafting the article: M.T., C.M.W., J.K., D.D., and S.R. All authors read, commented on, and approved the final report.