- •A novel approach to determine SF information usage in decoding of pain expressions.
- •Low-SF advantage is found for decoding pain and emotional expressions.
- •This low-SF advantage depends on in the temporal aspects of processing.
- •Decoding of low-SF expressions is not only faster but occurs earlier than high-SF.
- •Pain expressions require longer time to decode than emotional expressions.
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This research was funded by a Graduate School PhD Scholarship provided by the University of Bath to the first author.
Conflicts of interest: There are no conflicts of interest that may arise as a result of this research.