- •Pain catastrophizing was statistically associated with opioid misuse.
- •Pain catastrophizing was not associated with opioid dose.
- •Inconsistencies exist regarding links between pain catastrophizing and opioid use.
Abbreviations:MeSH (Medical Subject Headings), GRADE (the Grading of Recommendations Assessment, Development and Evaluation), PRISMA (the Preferred Reporting Items for Systematic Reviews and Meta-Analyses)
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Conflict of interest: Dr. Javier Martinez-Calderon is supported by the Universidad de Malaga through a postdoctoral grant. All authors state that they have no conflicts of interest to declare.
Disclosures: This research did not receive any specific grant from funding agencies in the public, commercial, or not-for-profit sectors.
Device statement: The manuscript submitted does not contain information about medical device(s).
Data sharing: all data relevant to the study are included in the article or are available as supplementary files.
Patient and public involvement in the research: patients/athletes/public partners were not involved.
Authorship: all authors have made a substantial scientific contribution to the study in terms of (1) conception and design, or acquisition of data, or analysis and interpretation of data, (2) drafting the article or revising it critically for important intellectual content, and (3) final approval of the version to be published.