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Analgesic, Anesthetic, and Addiction Clinical Trial Translations, Innovations, Opportunities, and Networks−American Pain Society−American Academy of Pain Medicine Pain Taxonomy Diagnostic Criteria for Acute Needle Pain

Published:October 12, 2022DOI:https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jpain.2022.09.018

      Highlights

      • Needle procedures are a significant source of pain and distress for individuals receiving health care.
      • This manuscript adds to the AAAPT taxonomy effort providing a standard definition for needle pain.
      • A total of 4 diagnostic criteria, with 2 modifiers to account for the influence of needle associated fear are proposed.

      Abstract

      Needle procedures are among the most common causes of pain and distress for individuals seeking health care. While needle pain is especially problematic for children needle pain and associated fear also has significant impact on adults and can lead to avoidance of appropriate medical care. Currently there is not a standard definition of needle pain. A taxonomy, or classification system, for acute needle pain would aid research efforts and enhance clinical care. To meet this need, the Analgesic, Anesthetic, and Addiction Clinical Trial Translations, Innovations, Opportunities, and Networks public−private partnership with the U.S. Food and Drug Administration, the American Pain Society, and the American Academy of Pain Medicine formed the Analgesic, Anesthetic, and Addiction Clinical Trial Translations, Innovations, Opportunities, and Networks−American Pain Society−American Academy of Pain Medicine Pain Taxonomy initiative. One of the goals of this initiative was to develop taxonomies for acute pain disorders, including needle pain. To accomplish this, a working group of experts in needle pain was convened. Based on available literature and expert opinion, the working group used a 5-dimenional structure (diagnostic criteria, common features, modulating factors, impact and/or functional consequences, and putative mechanisms) to develop an acute pain taxonomy that is specific needle pain. As part of this, a set of 4 diagnostic criteria, with 2 modifiers to account for the influence of needle associated fear, are proposed to define the types of acute needle pain.

      Perspective

      This article presents a taxonomy for acute needle pain. This taxonomy could help to standardize definitions of acute pain in clinical studies of patients undergoing needle procedures.

      Key Words

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