- •Facilitators/barriers to target the altered nervous system in chronic low back pain.
- •Effective pain communication creates positive attitudes and empowerment.
- •Some approaches increase while others interfere with intervention coherence.
- •Face-to-face and online components increase confidence in performing the treatment.
- •People outside the treatment team also impact the acceptability of the treatment.
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GLM has received support from: Reality Health, Connect Health UK, Kaiser Permanente, AIA Australia, Workers’ Compensation Boards and professional sporting organizations in Australia, Europe, South, and North America. Professional and scientific bodies have reimbursed him for travel costs related to presentation of research on pain and pain education at scientific conferences/symposia. He has received speaker fees for lectures on pain, pain education and rehabilitation. He receives royalties for books on pain and pain education, including three books used in, or directly relevant to, the RESOLVE intervention.
The remaining authors have no conflicts of interest to disclose.
The trial was funded by the National Health and Medical Research Council of Australia (ID1087045). RRNR is supported by the University of New South Wales School of Medical Sciences Postgraduate Research Scholarship and a NeuRA Ph.D. Candidature Supplementary Scholarship. He received fees from the 2021 Allied Health Cross Boundary Grant Stream to deliver a workshop that involves pain science education. BMW has received speaker's fees for talks on the rehabilitation of chronic pain problems. HBL is supported by a Leadership Investigator Grant to GLM from the National Health & Medical Research Council of Australia (ID1178444). ETOH has received funds from an Australian Commonwealth Government Research Training Program Scholarship and a NeuRA Ph.D. Candidature Supplementary Scholarship. MKB has received fees to speak about pain neuroscience and rehabilitation, and engagement with research evidence.
ACT has received funding from the Australian National Health and Medical Research Council (NHMRC) including an NHMRC Early Career Fellowship (APP1144026) and funds from an NHMRC Program Grant (APP1113532) entitled ‘Using healthcare wisely: reducing inappropriate use of tests and treatments. SMG is supported by a Research Fellowship from the Rebecca L. Cooper Medical Research Foundation. GLM is supported by a Leadership Investigator Grant from the NHMRC of Australia (ID 1178444). SS is supported by an International Association for the Study of Pain John J. Bonica Postdoctoral Fellowship. AGC is supported by an Emerging Leadership Grant from the NHMRC of Australia. JHM received grants from the National Health and Medical Research Council of Australia related to the RESOLVE trial (grant number 1087045 [from 2015-2020]).